Sociopolitical Tsunamis in the Middle East and North Africa
شنبه 26 بهمن 1392 ساعت 19:44
The article you are about to read has been written by Hossein Amir-Abdullahian, Deputy Foreign Minister for North Africa and Middle East Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran titled sociopolitical tsunamis in the Middle East and North Africa published by the Islamic Awakening journal.The sociopolitical developments in the Middle East and North Africa have been interpreted as sociopolitical
The article you are about to read has been written by Hossein Amir-Abdullahian, Deputy Foreign Minister for North Africa and Middle East Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran titled sociopolitical tsunamis in the Middle East and North Africa published by the Islamic Awakening journal.The sociopolitical developments in the Middle East and North Africa have been interpreted as sociopolitical tsunamis. They have some common features, some of which are relying on a historical background based on Islam and being inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran and its influence; strong participation of the young generation in the center of this Islamic liberation wave; leadership of the movement by educated elite; and reliance on profound Islamic values seeking to promote religious democracy and improve the living standards of the people in the Middle East. Besides major reasons behind the popular uprisings such as the new wave of Islamic Awakening demanding civil rights and economic reforms, certain other elements also have contributed to the recent movements. In fact, the humiliating attitude of the United States and Israel towards the people of the region and neglect of their dignity as well as the despotic nature of their ruling systems are among other factors underlying the current developments. The uprisings have taken place in the Middle East countries with a long-standing Islamic civilization. This is in sharp contrast with the undemocratic nature of their political regimes and their rulers. A long-standing history of popular movements in these countries has increased the political awareness of the people, particularly over the past three decades – after the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran. The recent movements have had the advantage of using modern means of communication in an era of a communication revolution. Any attempt to study the regional movements may take certain points into consideration meaning that contrary to the arguments of many politicians and strategists, the ruling regimes and leaders of regional countries have a wrong perception of the recent developments and Islamic uprisings in the region. Over the past few decades, the United States and some Western countries have focused their attention on the rulers in the Middle East, North Africa and the Persian Gulf states. They have overlooked the role of the people. Therefore, the West lacks a realistic understanding of the Islamic nature of the Middle East societies. That is why they have failed to present a coherent analysis of the ongoing popular movements. Despite aggressive attitude of the United States and the West towards the developments in the Middle East and North Africa and also despite harsh crackdown of the uprisings in some countries such as Bahrain, people in the region will keep moving forward by relying on their Islamic redemptive beliefs. The United States and the Zionist regime have been caught by surprise by the developments in the Middle East, North Africa and the Persian Gulf states. As a result, with the help of certain Western and Arab countries, they are trying to take control of the waves of uprisings in the region and hijack the popular revolutions in order to reorient them towards their own objectives. Some analysts argue that the developments in the Middle East are engineered in the context of the United States project of ‘the Greater Middle East’. Indeed, in that project the pace of developments is slow and long-term. Furthermore, any popular uprising or revolution contradicts the principles of the Greater Middle East project. The United States has failed to incorporate the sociological patterns of the Middle East, especially the role of religion and culture, into its project. The US-Israeli plan contained a set of reforms based on liberal democracy. But, the demands of the people and the reforms pursued by the people are of Islamic and religious nature. This is a major shortcoming in the US project of the Greater Middle East and the main reason for its failure. The Chairman of Center for Strategic Studies is of the opinion that since the West has lost its control of the growing movements in the Middle East, the White House should strengthen its military presence throughout the region, especially in countries struck by uprising. He also argues that the US should extend its military presence in Iraq. All countries engulfed by the recent waves of Islamic movements have had rulers strongly supported by the United States and the West. This support has greatly eroded the public trust in the United States in the region. Adopting a double standard towards the demands of the people of Yemen and Bahrain compared to those of the people of Libya and Egypt in its early stages as well as the West’s support of terrorists in Syria clearly depict the contradictory approach of the United States towards the regional developments. The US intelligence services were seemingly aware of the fact that at a certain point popular uprisings would surface in the Middle East, but the White House lacked a realistic understanding of the sociological patterns in these countries. It also lacked detailed information about the time, location and the pace of these movements. Therefore, the US, Israel, the West and Arab governments were quite caught by surprise when the regional movements broke out. Today, these movements are gaining momentum and moving forward. There are several points to consider in this regard. First, in the process of transition of power in the regional countries, the United States and its allies will be trying to divert the process of power shift towards their own interests. This is while the influence of the Islamic Republic of Iran on the Middle East nations and its stances towards these developments are against the interests of the United States and the Zionist regime. Secondly, the transition of power in the region will lead to the formation of new regional coalitions and permutation of forces which will be ethnic in nature. Taking into consideration the sociological characteristics of the regional nations, the Islamic nature of these movements and the national pride of the people, any future ruling system shall be based on Islam and ethnic features of Muslim communities and nations. The role of Islam as an ideology is quite prominent in all the countries of the region. Each regional country has its own particular characteristics but Islam provides a common ground for all of them. Despite all the efforts made by forces inside and outside the region to take control of the popular uprisings, these movements will ultimately get rid of foreign domination, which is a long-standing aspiration of all Muslims. Islamic democracy will be the role-model of these countries which will bring them independence, sovereignty and material and spiritual prosperity.
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